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RAMADHAN ISSUE
ASK PENPAL
RAMADHAN

PENPAL :

Assalamu-alaykum, Oh I’m so excited and its all because of my mum!

She was in the kitchen all weekend, cooking the mince and making samosas. No not just five or six samosas but what looked like hundreds of them.

I asked my mum what the special occasion was and she said Ramadhan is coming very soon and I am making preparations for it.

Amina asked my mum who is Ramadhan and my mum just laughed.

She said, Ramadhan is a special time in which  Muslims don't eat and drink during the day. We do this fasting for a whole month!

Amina and I were  so excited and decided that we are going to fast as well. My Mum said, “You will need to make preparations as well and only then can you fast.”

It sounds so much fun, I hope you will be able to fast with us.  pp


RAMADHAN FACTS :

Ramadhan is the month in which the Qur’an was revealed to prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Muslims are commanded to fast during this month and do many good deeds.

It is such a special month that if we do a good deed, we will be rewarded many times more for it. To make it easier, Allah has chained the Shayateen so that they can not influence us into bad things.

In this month, Allah opens the doors of mercy and forgiveness. Allah invites us to repent so that he can forgive us all.

At night time, we have special prayers — Tarawih — which we don't perform any other time of the year. In this month there is a special night called Laila tul Qadr which is more superior than a thousand months.


STORY: THE FIRST VERSES

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was forty years old. He would often go away for a few days to the mountains near Makkah and spend time alone. He would think about the world around him. His wife, Khadija would prepare some food for the few days he was away.

One night, the Prophet (pbuh) was in a cave in mount Hira in the outskirts of Makkah. The angel Jibrael appeared to him in the form of a man and commanded him "Iqra" which means read. The Prophet (pbuh) was shocked to see this person in the cave. Muhammad (pbuh) was unlettered, which means he could not read or write so he replied, "I can not read."

The angel squeezed the Prophet (pbuh) very hard and again commanded "Iqra". The Prophet (pbuh) again replied to the angel, " I can not read".

The angel squeezed him very hard a second time and commanded him “Iqra”.  Again the Prophet (pbuh) gave the same reply. The angel squeezed the Prophet (pbuh) for a third time and this time recited five verses, which were the first verses of the Holy Qur’an to be revealed. The Prophet (pbuh) repeated the words after the angel.

The Prophet (pbuh) was terrified and he ran home and told his wife.

After that they went to Waraqah, a learned man, who confirmed that this was an angel that had brought a divine message to Muhammad (pbuh).

It was on this night in Ramadan that the Prophet (pbuh) got revelation. It was also the first time he had seen the angel Jibrael. The Prophet (pbuh) continued to get verses from Allah over the next twenty-three years. These verses are the Qur’an which we have with us today.


REFLECTIONS

Assalamu-alaykum, sometimes we might find things difficult but we must still keep going and keep trying our hardest. This might be in fasting or in our school work. If we keep trying hard, Allah makes things easier for us and makes us into better people. PP 


 
SUHOOR

PENPAL:

Assalamu-alaykum, again my friends.

Amina was so excited last night that she couldn’t get to sleep. She asked mum to tell us a bedtime story to help her sleep.

Mum sent dad up stairs instead to talk to us. Dad told us stories about when he was a little boy.

He said, “My brothers and sisters used to stay awake all night awaiting news of the new moon.

Once we saw something strange in the sky. It couldn’t be a star so we quickly shouted to grandma and ask her what it was.

Grandma just said, “Happy Ramadhan!” and told us to go to sleep so we can wake up for Suhoor tomorrow.”

Dad told us its getting late and we should also go to sleep now.But Amina was even more excited and wouldn't let me go to sleep either.

Thanks a lot dad!  pp


hadith of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)

SUHOOR

The Suhoor is the time just before the start of Fajr. It is a blessed time and the light meal (sehri meal) we have at this time also has great blessing.

The Prophet (pbuh) said that we should partake in the sehri meal, even if it is a drink of water. Allah sends his mercy on those people who partake in Suhoor and the angels ask Allah for their forgiveness.

The Tahajjud is a special optional prayer which can be performed all year round. The prophet never missed this prayer. This prayer has a great blessing and reward from Allah.

If you think you wont wake up for Suhoor then eat a while before you go to sleep. We must stop eating before the time of Fajr begins because that is the starting time for fasting.


Suhoor puzzle_ find the food people eat

DELAYING THE SUHOOR: Zayd bin Thabit: We ate (Suhoor) with the Prophet (pbuh) then we stood up for Fajr Salah. The space between them was equal to 50 Ayats.


The Suhoor should be a small meal or snack. It has many blessings so don't miss out.


LUNAR CALENDAR

KNOWLEDGE BUILDER

  • Allah made the moon so that we can distinguish between the different months of the Islamic calendar
  • A lunar month is the time taken for the moon to complete one cycle
  • One lunar month takes 29 to 30  days to complete
  • The First year of the Hijri calendar is when the Prophet (pbuh) did the Hijra from Makkah to Yathrib (Madina).
  • The Islamic calendar is based on the lunar calendar
  • The Islamic month starts with the sighting of the new moon.
  • The lunar year is shorter than the solar year by about ten days
  • The Islamic calendar has twelve lunar months
  • The solar calendar is based on the solar cycle. One solar year is equal to 'one cycle of the sun' which is roughly equal to 365 days.

 


DID YOU KNOW?

The Moon has a special significance for Muslims because it determines the start and end of the Islamic month. From this system we are able to experience fasting in different seasons.

The Moon also has physical effects on the earth such as controlling the tide. Some birds and animals use the moon to orientate their movement during migration.


the Moon phases
INFO PAGE

FASTING INFO:

  • Whoever does not quit false speech (lying, cheating, swearing, slander, backbiting…) and acting upon it; Allah does not have any need for him leaving his food and drink.
  • When Ramadhan comes… the Shayateen are chained... (so that they can’t influence us)
  • If one is fasting, he should not speak vulgarly or act indecently. If someone swears at him or wants to fight with him, he should reply “I am fasting!”
  • Fasting is a shield (it protects you from sin)

Fating_word_search

QUESTIONS:

What is Suhoor?

How long is a Lunar month?

Who did Muhammad (pbuh) meet in the cave

Why should we eat the Sehri meal?

Why is doing good easier in Ramadhan?

What did the Angel bring to Muhammad (pbuh)?

Why is the Islamic year shorter?


ASK PENPAL

Penpal Questions

WHAT IS FASTING?
No eating or drinking during the hours of daylight (before Fajr til Magrib).To also refrain, more so, from all bad deeds during this same time such as lying, cheating, swearing,
backbiting and fighting.

Ramadhan is the forth pillar of Islam

ACTIONS TO AVOID?
To ovoid all bad and negative Behaviour.Even getting angry, arguing and bad language should be avoided.

SOME BENEFITS OF FASTING ARE:
* Whilst fasting, we appreciate food and drink more and understand how people with no food feel.
* The stomach gets a rest from a whole years work.
* Improves patience and will-power.
* Reminds us that Allah is always watching
* Gives us reward and takes us towards Jannah.

WHY DO WE FAST
There are many benefits of fasting to our health and well-being.The reason we fast is so that we gain Taqwah and patience. We become better, sincere and pious Muslims.

ACTIONS TO DO IN RAMADHAN:
Whilst fasting we should do as many good deeds as we can.We should read more Qur’an, be regular in our prayers and be kind and helpful to  our teachers, elders and parents.

WHAT BREAKS THE FAST?
The fast is broken if we eat or drink whilst we are fasting.(If we accidentally eat or drink our fast does not break.)

WHO SHOULD FAST?
All Muslims, male and female,  must fast. Some people don't need to fast:
·    Ill people
·    Very old who cant fast
·    Travellers
·    Young children (can keep a half fast until they are old enough to keep a full fast)

SINNING & FASTING

Once a man came to the prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and told him about two fasting women. He said that these two women were close to death due to thirst.

The Prophet (pbuh) asked for the two women to be brought to Him. Both women were brought before prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and he requested that a bowl also be brought.

The Prophet (pbuh) instructed the two women to vomit into the bowl. Much to the surprise of everyone, meat blood and puss was seen going into the bowl. After the women finished vomiting the bowl was full!

The Prophet (pbuh) explained to the people that the two women had kept their fast (had eaten suhoor) with food that Allah had made halal for them. The women had then broken their fast with that which Allah had made haram for them.

The Prophet (pbuh) further explained that this haram was referring to the fact that both these women had sat and talked about people - backbiting – which is like eating the flesh of people.

We learn from this incident that backbiting is an evil action and we should refrain from it. This is especially so in Ramadhan where all these bad habits should be kicked out of our lives.


Chuck out the trash this Ramadhan
IFTAR

PENPAL - IFTAR

Assalamu-alaykum, ‘Rumble! Rumble! Rumble!’

Sorry that wasn’t me, that was my stomach telling me its almost Iftar time again!

I remember yesterday at this time. I was so hungry and could not wait to eat. I was in the kitchen watching my mum cook. My mum told me that I should not waste this important part of the day.

She said, ”It is a very blessed time. Use it wisely by doing something good - read the Qur’an, do Zikr or make dua to Allah.”

She said, ”Just before Iftar, Allah listens to everyone’s duas.”

I did my Wudhu and hurried to the masjid. I  started reading the Qur’an and doing Zikr.

Before I knew it my teacher at the mosque said, ”Penpal, there are only a few minutes left, remember to make dua!”

I made dua for everyone I could think of and a very special dua for my Mum and Dad.

Penpal


Allah says, “The most beloved servant to me is the one who is quicker in breaking fast” (i.e. exactly at Maghrib time)


There are three people who’s duas are never rejected. This includes a fasting person until he breaks fast.


Things to do from Suhoor to iftar
TRANSITIONS

THE MONTH OF CHANGE

During Ramadhan we spend more time in reading Qur’an and Salah; doing more good actions and leaving all our bad habits.


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Good deeds are multiplied many times.

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The Shayateen are chained and can’t influence us.
arrow Allah’s mercy descends upon the Earth.
arrow People’s Duas and prayers are accepted.
arrow The doors of forgiveness are opened wide.
 
Ramadhan - changes
RAMADHAN PUZZLE
Iftar maze - get penpal home befor iftar

 

QUESTIONS:

How many pillars are in Islam?
What breaks the fast?
Write some benefits of fasting?
How is Fasting a shield?
What is back biting?
What and when is Iftar?


fix the mixup_ramadhan issue puzzle
VIRUES OF RAMADHAN
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When you perform a Nafl act in Ramadhan you are rewarded with that of a fardh. When we perform a Fardh act, it is multiplied seventy times.

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Abu Hurairah narrates: When the month of Ramadhan enters, the shayateen are chained, the doors of paradise are opened and the doors of hell are locked.

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The first part of the month is linked to mercy, the second to forgiveness and the third tosalvation.

arrow Qur’an and fasting will intercede for a servant. Fasting will say, “ O Lord! I stopped him from drink, food and desires during the day. So grant me the opportunity to intercede for him.
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The smell from the mouth of a fasting person is more fragrant in the eyes of Allah than the smell of musk.

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Whoever gives food to a fasting person to break the fast, his sins will be forgiven and he will be saved from  the fire. Even if its a sip of water, milk or a date.

arrow In another narration it is mentioned that Allah sets free many thousands of people from the fire of hell. He does this every night of Ramadhan.
arrow Each deed of the son of Adam is multiplied. One deed is multiplied
between 10 and 700 times. Allah says, except for fasting because this is for me and I will give the reward myself.
arrow Whoever fills the stomach of a fasting person, Allah will give him water from the Hawz-e-Kawthar. Whoever drinks from this water will never feel thirsty until he enters paradise.
TARAWIH PRAYER

HISTORY: TARAWIH PRAYER

During Ramadhan, Muslims pray a special night prayer called Tarawih. Muslims have been praying this from the time of the Prophet (pbuh) until today.

In the time of Umar, he saw the people praying Tarawih in the masjid and at home. They were praying on their own or in small groups.

He advised the people to come to the mosque and pray together in one big group (Jamaat).  He also fixed the number of rakats to twenty. After four rakah they would rest and make a special dua just like the prophet (pbuh) would.

Since then Muslims pray Tarawih together after the Isha and before the witr salah.

The Muslims try and complete the whole Qur’an during Ramadhan by reciting it in theTarawih prayers.

This salah has great blessings and is only performed in Ramadhan.

TARAWIH FACTS

arrow Everyday of Ramadhan is so important. There is a special Salah which is read every single day during this month. A portion of the Qur’an is recited in this prayer. By the end of Ramadhan the whole Qur’an is completed in this Salah.
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This Salah is called the Tarawih prayer. It is performed between the Isha prayer and the Witr Salah. During this month even the Witr prayer is often read with Jamaat.

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During the month of Ramadhan the Prophet (pbuh) would recite the entire Qur’an to the angel Jibrael. The angel Jibrael would also recite the whole Qur’an to the Prophet (pbuh).

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Normally we read twenty tarawih—two rakat at a time. Every time we complete four tarawih we take a short rest during which we recite the following dua:

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Who ever stays up the night of Ramadhan in prayers, believing in Allah and hoping for his reward. Allah will forgive his sins. (Hadith commentators  say that this refers to the tarawih prayer)

Dua recited between four rakah of tarawih
THE QUR'AN

DID YOU KNOW:

The Qur’an is a guidance for all mankind until the day of Judgement. It tells us how to lead our lives and about Allah—our creator and Lord.

The Qur’an has never been changed and the message is the same as the time of the Prophet (pbuh). Even today it is widely taught throughout the world and is memorised by Muslims.


Verse from Holy Quran (17:9)

QURAN FACTS:

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The first verses came to the Prophet (pbuh) in the cave (Hira) near Makkah.

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The Qur’an was revealed over 23 years.

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The Qur’an has about 6700 verses.

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There are 114 Surah in the Qur’an and is divided into 30 sections.

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The Qur’an is the word of Allah and is not authored by any man.

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Allah wont reveal any more books after the Qur’an.

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Quran is a guidance for all Mankind. From the time of the prophet until the day of Judgement.

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Allah has protected the Qur’an. It has never been changed and never will.

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A Hafiz is a person who knows the  whole Qur’an by heart.

LAILATUL QADR
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During the month of Ramadhan there is one special night called Lailatul Qadr (the night of power). This one night is greater than a thousand months.

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When we do one good deed on this night we get the same reward as doing the deed every night for over a thousand months.

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On this night the Qur’an was brought down to the lowest heaven from the ‘Lawh-i-Mahfooz’. From here, the verses of the Qur’an were sent to the Prophet (pbuh) over a period of 23 years.

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We don't know the exact day when this night takes place. We do know it is during one of the odd nights in the last ten days of Ramadhan.

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We should dedicate this night to the worship of Allah, reciting the Qur’an, performing optional Salah, doing zikr and as many good deeds as possible.

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If we can’t stay awake during Lailatul Qadr we should pray Isha with Jamaat. We should then wake up and also perform Fajr with Jamaat. We will be rewarded for a full night of worship.

arrow The people of old were blessed with long lives and were able to perform lots of worship. We have much shorter lives and are unable to worship as much. Allah gave us this night to compensate.
GET PUZZLED
Ramadhan_crossword musalla kidz

 

QUESTIONS:

What is the Hawz-e-Kawthar?
How many surahs are in the Quran?
What is the special night called?
Where were the first verses revealed?
What is Tarawih?
How many times are good deeds multiplied in Ramadhan?
What are the three parts of Ramadhan?


fix the mixup_ramadhan issue puzzle
THE I'TIKAF

PENPAL: ITIKAF STORY

Assalamu-alaykum, This is a special time for our family.

My dad is going to do I’tikaf for the last ten days of Ramadhan. I wanted to go with him but I have to go to school.

My dad told me I have to be the man of the house. Why can I not go and my dad be the man of the house instead. I suppose its just one of those things.

I’ve decided to do Iftar at the mosque everyday. I’m going to stay with my dad and do zikr all the way till Isha.

My dad said I can do I’tikaf with him every weekend. I cant wait! My mum has got my dad’s blanket, pillow and clothes ready for the ten days. Amina and I are going to help my dad set up his bed in the mosque.

Straight after school we are going to quickly help mum with all the chores so I can go to the mosque on time.

I cant wait…  PP


WHAT IS ITIKAF?

I’tikaf is to seclude oneself inside the masjid (for men) from Maghrib until the Maghrib next day. Whilst fasting during the day, the person dedicates himself to worship and study. He  can only leave the masjid for taking a bath, making wudhu or going to the toilet.

I’tikaf is sunnah for the last 10 days of Ramadhan.


Things to do whilst on itikaf

The purpose of I’tikaf is to seek out Lailatul Qadr

I’tikaf in the last ten days of Ramadhan is Sunnah.


Whoever does I’tikaf for the last ten days of Ramadhan, it will be as though he has performed 2 Hajj and 2 Umrah.

At least one person must perform the I’tikaf within the community

SUCCESS IN RAMADHAN

THIS RAMADHAN: CLIMB THE LADDER TO SUCCESS

Things to do whilst on itikaf

During Ramadhan, Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) used to recite the Qur'an to Angel Jibrael. The angel used to recite the Qur’an back to the prophet (pbuh) as well.
We too should recite the Qur’an in abundance during Ramadhan

The Prophet (pbuh) was most generous during the month of Ramadhan. Many people pay their Zakah in Ramadhan.
We too should be very charitable and generous in Ramadhan.

There is a special prayer called Tarawih which
the Muslims perform every Ramadhan.
We should pray our Tarawih every night and never miss any of our five salah.

Ramadhan is a month of change. A month of goodness and a month of
Peace.
Take this opportunity to change our lives and develop good manners, habits and character.

The Prophet (pbuh) told us to look out for Lailatul Qadr - it has immense reward and blessing.
Lets take advantage of Lailatul Qadr and spend the whole night in worship, dua and prayer.

Make the permanent change in your life.
Permanently leave all negative habits such as backbiting, swearing, fighting and other bad actions… these must not be found in a good Muslim.

READY FOR CHANGE

In Ramadhan we become more punctual in Salah; we are less selfish and think about other people; we read more Qu’ran and do more good deeds; we leave all our bad habits such as lying, cheating, bullying and fighting behind. We become good Muslims and become closer to Allah.

ready for change this ramadhan?

Don’t stop now! This is where the real heroes need to stand up and do what they do best. Keep all the goodness of Ramadhan going throughout the year.

WAYS TO IMPROVE YOUR LIVES

 

 

 

 

 

THINGS TO REMOVE FROM YOUR LIFE

 

 

 

 

 

MY CHALLANGE: I have made a list of all the hings i am going to do until next Ramadhan. Why dont you join me in this adventure
Things to do until next Ramadhan
EID UL FITR

PENPAL - COMPETITION

Assalamu alaykum, Yahoo.. I mean Masha-Allah I won, well came second.

This Ramadhan we had a mega competition, today   was the results day, the last day of fasting. We all brought our ‘Musalla Kidz Fast Track’ to the mosque.

I was so excited as we were adding up the score. We did not let each other see our results. My number one fan was Amina. She knew I worked really hard this Ramadhan.

Sweat was pouring down my face, as the results were being called out. It was down to the final few names and my name had not been called out yet. There were only three people left, which meant I was in the top three.

I was so gutted when I never came first. When Amina boasted, “My brother came second.” I felt great.

The truth is that no one  lost - we are all winners and so are you because we fasted for Allah. PP


EID TAKBEER:

the Eid Takbeer in Arabic

“Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Laa ilaaha illallahu Wallahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Wa lillahil hamd."


SUNNAH FOR EID DAY

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Staying up and worshipping on night of Eid.

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Trimming hair and clipping nails (grooming)

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Having bath (ghusl)

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Wearing your best clothes

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Applying Itr (perfume)

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Eating a date or something sweet.

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Walking to the place of prayer

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Recite Takbeer until the Eid Salah

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Happily meet Muslims

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To return home on a different route

 

sadaqat ul fitr before edi prayer
 
'FAST' TRACK

PENPAL CHALLENGE: Be a champion this Ramadhan by completing the chart by doing as many fasts, prayers and good deeds as possible.

the Ramadhan fasting chart for children
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Musalla Kids Muslim newsletter - Islamic topics for children and activities
Musalla Kids Muslim newsletter - Islamic topics for children and activities
Musalla Kids Muslim newsletter - Islamic topics for children and activities
Musalla Kids Muslim newsletter - Islamic topics for children and activities
Musalla Kids Muslim newsletter - Islamic topics for children and activities
Musalla Kids Muslim newsletter - Islamic topics for children and activities
Musalla Kids Muslim newsletter - Islamic topics for children and activities
Musalla Kids Muslim newsletter - Islamic topics for children and activities
Musalla Kids Muslim newsletter - Islamic topics for children and activities
Musalla Kids Muslim newsletter - Islamic topics for children and activities
Musalla Kids Muslim newsletter - Islamic topics for children and activities
Musalla Kids Muslim newsletter - Islamic topics for children and activities
Musalla Kids Muslim newsletter - Islamic topics for children and activities
Musalla Kids Muslim newsletter - Islamic topics for children and activities
Musalla Kids Muslim newsletter - Islamic topics for children and activities
Musalla Kids Muslim newsletter - Islamic topics for children and activities
Musalla Kids Muslim newsletter - Islamic topics for children and activities
Musalla Kids Muslim newsletter - Islamic topics for children and activities
Musalla Kids Muslim newsletter - Islamic topics for children and activities